FI0605 – Equipment
To provide directions for university employees who are responsible for recording moveable capital equipment assets and safeguarding both movable equipment assets and “sensitive” non-capital equipment items [See Fiscal Policy FI0600- Equipment - Sensitive Minor ].
- This policy applies to Movable Capital Equipment (referred to as either "movable equipment" or "equipment"), for which the University of Tennessee has ownership or custody, including equipment purchased with funds from grants or contracts (unless the grant agreement or contract specifies otherwise). Paragraphs 7 through the end of this policy also apply to Sensitive Minor Equipment as defined in Fiscal Policy FI0600.
Definition of Movable Equipment
- The university generally defines movable equipment as those items acquired by purchase, gift, or assembly which have the following characteristics:
- Appearance and Life. Equipment has a useful life of one or more years while retaining its general appearance and shape.
- Repairable. Equipment is non-expendable. If the item is damaged or parts are worn out, it is usually more feasible to repair the equipment than to replace it.
- Maintenance of Identity. Equipment does not lose its identity when it is incorporated into a different or more complex unit.
- Movable. Normally not attached to or made a part of a building. Able to be moved without significant disruption to ongoing operations.
- Cost Threshold. The item has a unit cost or fair value (for donated items only, measured at the time of acquisition) of $5,000 or more. In general, the cost of an asset includes its purchase cost and any other costs incurred to bring the asset to the location and condition needed for it to operate in the manner intended. These costs include the purchase price (net of discount), manufacturer’s warranty, freight and installation. Do not include extended warranties, consumables or costs related to servicing the item, which typically include maintenance labor and minor parts.
- If the cost of the asset is determined to be $5,000 or more, an asset record should be created in the fixed asset system in one of the appropriate classes listed in paragraph 4. Sub-assets are used in the fixed asset accounting system only when there are multiple funding sources for a single asset. Choosing an asset class in the 30000-41000 range will result in an expenditure in the g/l account range 461100-461300. Capitalization will generally occur when an invoice is entered for payment and linked to the asset record. Directly posting to an equipment general ledger expenditure account is not permitted. Proper entry of invoices is crucial to ensure that the equipment is included in the university's movable equipment inventory.If the cost of the asset is less than $5,000, the item should be classified as either: 1) Sensitive Minor Equipment [See Fiscal Policy FI600] or 2) g/l expense code 439100 – Supplies.
- Movable equipment is recorded in the university’s financial statements and depreciated using a straight-line basis over a useful life ranging between 5 and 20 years. Within the university’s accounting and fixed asset systems, the following asset classes are applicable to capital equipment:
Asset Class Description Useful Life 30000 Furniture 20 years 31000 Office Machine 10 years 32000 Computers & Peripherals 05 years 33000 Education & Scientific Equipment 10 years 34000 Works of Art & Historical Treasures Not depreciated 40000 Vehicles 05 years 41000 Heavy Equipment 10 years
- Sometimes an item may meet the cost threshold and have some of the characteristics of equipment, but does not fully meet the university’s definition of movable equipment. The most common situations where a misclassification occurs include fixed equipment, supplies and materials, and replacement parts. Each of these situations is discussed in more detail.
- Fixed Equipment. Fixed equipment includes non-movable items such as office cubicles, built-in shelving and cabinets, light and plumbing fixtures, boilers, and other such built-in mechanical or electrical equipment that become an integral part of a structure. Asset records are not created for fixed equipment. If the cost of the item is material relative to the cost of the building, the expenditure should be recorded with a general ledger account number in the Building Expenditures -- 721XX range. If the cost of the item is not material, the expenditure should be recorded with the general ledger account Maintenance and Repairs -- 436100.
- Supplies and Materials. This category includes equipment items of a movable nature which have a cost or fair value (for donated items only) less than $5,000 and are not listed in the definition of Sensitive Minor Equipment [See Fiscal Policy FI0600]. Asset records are not created for supplies and materials. These items will not be recorded or tracked in the university’s fixed asset system. Expenditures for such items should be recorded with general ledger expenditure account Operating Supplies—439100.
- Replacement Parts. Regardless of cost, replacement parts should be recorded with the general ledger account Maintenance and Repairs -- 436100 and not as equipment. For example, if a motor for a piece of machinery is replaced at a cost of $5,100.00, the item is properly classified as maintenance expense, and not as equipment. However, if a new machine is purchased to replace an old machine, the new item should be classified as equipment.
- Occasionally a situation occurs where the items are obviously capital equipment, but it is still difficult to determine how to correctly record an asset in the system. Examples include accessory items, assembled equipment, and system component parts. Additional guidance on each of these situations is provided below.
- Accessory Items. These items are significant, identifiable parts of an equipment item which do not function alone, but can be readily moved and used with another equipment item. Accessories are acquired as part of an equipment item or acquired independently to be used as part of an item. Generally, these items should be considered as part of the basic equipment. Therefore, when an item is purchased which is an integral accessory of a larger equipment item, it should be added to the asset number of the larger item. If the accessory is purchased on a Fund that differs from the basic equipment then a sub-asset should be created using the new Fund. Expenditures for these items would be recorded with the same general ledger account number as was used for the related basic equipment.
- Assembled Equipment. This category includes equipment items assembled by the university from parts purchased independently. In general, all the materials used in the assembled equipment should be purchased in the Operating Supplies -- 439100 general ledger account. The cost of the assembled equipment will be the sum of the costs of parts used to assemble it. If the cost and nature of the new equipment item causes it to be categorized as capital equipment, then an asset record should be created for it. An EQUIPMENT ACQUISITION REPORT (FORM T-66) should be completed and sent to the Controller's Office with an attached list of cost centers, general ledger accounts, and dollar amounts for the original purchase of the equipment's parts. The Controller's Office will assign a value to the asset record and process a journal voucher to record the expenditure under an appropriate equipment general ledger account.
- System Component Parts. A component system is comprised of individual equipment or material items connected together to operate as a system, such as when individual computers and servers are joined together to create a network. Component systems are distinguished from assembled equipment in that they do not generally require extensive construction or fabrication, as provided by an internal or external shop. When practical, the component parts should be listed as one asset record in the fixed asset system. When system components are purchased, the individual items that cost $5,000 or more should be treated as capital equipment. The individual items that cost less than $5,000 should be treated as capital equipment when: (1) those items could not operate on a stand-alone basis, and (2) they will be included on the same purchase requisition as the other system components. If those items less than $5,000 do not meet these criteria, they should be charged to a non-capital expense general ledger account such as Operating Supplies – 439100.
Ownership and Title
- Generally, the university retains ownership and title to all movable equipment purchased with university funds. Exceptions are equipment purchased with grant, contract, or agency funds and written agreements or contracts where ownership is retained by or reverts to the funding agency. The university remains responsible and accountable for such equipment while it is in the university's custody.
Responsibilities of the Department
- Custody and control of individual equipment items is delegated to individual departments. The university employee designated as responsible for the cost center(s) has the following responsibilities concerning equipment inventory.
- To maintain physical control and upkeep over all items on the university’s official equipment inventory. This includes:
- Locking equipment in secured locations.
- Perform adequate maintenance and upkeep of equipment.
- Ensuring staff is trained on procedures for properly handling equipment (i.e. moving, transferring and dismantling equipment).
- Locking doors when rooms are not in use.
- Not letting equipment sit idle for extended periods of time.
- Storing equipment in environmentally suitable locations to prevent corrosion, contamination and damage of sensitive parts.
- Promptly notifying the police when theft of an item is suspected.
- Before disposing of electronic media that contain any confidential information (i.e., medical or personnel information), ensuring the information is inaccessible.
- Disposing of equipment in accordance with university guidelines.
- To maintain and control the electronic inventory records for the department. This includes updating the university’s fixed asset system with an accurate tag number, serial number, and location for each item.
- To create an asset record by entering or verifying the entry of all purchased or donated equipment items into the fixed asset system. For donated equipment, the campus or institute development office must also be notified as soon as possible. For equipment acquired from another department via transfer, the Controller's Office will update asset records (see h. below).
- To notify the Controller's Office when equipment is acquired without
expense, such as by gift or assembly, by completing an EQUIPMENT
ACQUISITION REPORT, FORM T-66 (see 10 below).
- To notify the Controller's Office of equipment furnished by the government
(at no cost to the university) by completing a FORM T-66 and attaching a copy of the shipping document.
- To promptly tag equipment and enter the tag (inventory) numbers into the fixed asset system.
- To notify the Controller's Office and request duplicate tags when original tags have fallen off or become damaged.
- To notify the Controller's Office when equipment is transferred to
another department, traded in, stolen, dismantled, or otherwise disposed
of (other than surplused) by completing an EQUIPMENT CHANGE/DELETION REQUEST, FORM T-64 (see 11 below).
- To notify the campus/unit surplus property department (or designee)
of items to be surplused by completing a SURPLUS FORM (see 12 below).
- To physically observe the periodic list of movable equipment inventory. The department should enter any corrections into the fixed asset system.
- To maintain physical control and upkeep over all items on the university’s official equipment inventory. This includes:
Responsibilities of the Controller's Office
- The Controller's Office has the following responsibilities concerning equipment inventory.
- To maintain and control the university's movable equipment inventory records.
- To capitalize all items the department has received at no cost (i.e.,donated, by assembly, or furnished by the government) and entered into the accounting system and submitted on the EQUIPMENT ACQUISITION REPORT, FORM T-66 (see 10 below).
- To update the asset records for transfers submitted on the EQUIPMENT CHANGE/DELETION REQUEST (FORM T-64) in the accounting system (see 11 below).
- To remove equipment items listed in the accounting system which are
submitted either on the FORM T-64 or the SURPLUS FORM (see 12 below).
- To assure that each department verifies and certifies the annual inventory list.
- To provide a supply of tags to departments, campuses, and institutes.
- To provide lists of untagged equipment for each campus or institute, college, or department on request or provide instructions for generating the list.
- To provide tags for government equipment.
Forms And Reports Used In The Inventory System
- EQUIPMENT ACQUISITION REPORT (FORM T-66). This form is used to record equipment items the department has received at no cost, i.e., donated, by assembly, or furnished by the government. Also, items that are located in the department during the annual inventory verification process should be added to the equipment inventory using a FORM T-66. The department (or campus or institute business office) should prepare the FORM T-66 and send it with supporting documentation (e.g., shipping document) to Controller's Office.
- EQUIPMENT INVENTORY CHANGE/DELETION REQUEST (FORM T-64). This form is used to remove equipment from the university's official inventory records in all instances except sending an item to the surplus department. Whenever equipment is disposed of, transferred, or removed from departmental custody or control, the department should send this form to the Controller's Office or campus or institute business office.
- SURPLUS FORM. This form is used to declare items surplus and to transfer possession to the campus or institute surplus property department (or designee). All items transferred (tagged and untagged) should be listed on the form when possession is transferred to the surplus property department (or designee). (Note: The FORM T-64 should not be used for transferring items to the surplus property department. See FISCAL POLICY FI0610 on surplus property.)
- SUMMARY OF THEFT, MYSTERIOUS DISAPPEARANCE, BURGLARY, OR VANDALISM OF UNIVERSITY FUNDS AND PROPERTY (FORM T-65). The campus/institute chief business officer (or designee) must report all losses (except those with possible employee involvement) on this form which is sent monthly to the Office of Audit and Compliance and the Treasurer's Office. See FISCAL POLICY FI0131 on Cash Shortages and Property Losses.
- Equipment Inventory Verification Report. This report lists the department's
equipment and is used by departments in the annual verification
of movable equipment inventory. The department may generate this list for
each cost center.
- Other Inventory Reports. Various other reports are available for the department to run or request the Controller’s Office to run from within the fixed asset system.
Use of University Equipment
- Generally, equipment must be used only for university business and may not be loaned to individuals, organizations, or faculty and staff members for personal use. Deviation from this policy requires written approval of the chief financial officer (or designee) or the campus or institute chief business officer. The request for approval should indicate the nature of the work to be performed; the kind of equipment to be used; the extent of the equipment use; the supplies, materials or services to be used; and the amount to be collected by the university (if applicable) for use of the equipment. Any money collected for the use of equipment should be deposited in the department's cost center. University equipment may only be removed from university premises for purposes of university business. Whenever university equipment must be removed from university premises for official reasons other than in connection with routine operations, the department head should obtain a temporary receipt from the person having custody. The department should return the receipt to this person when the equipment is returned. (See the EQUIPMENT REQUEST/CHECKOUT FORM for a sample form that may be copied.)This temporary receipt is not needed when equipment is permanently assigned to a university employee for use off premises as long as records indicate who has custody of it. An example would include the assignment of a laptop permanently to a university employee, and updating the asset record in IRIS with the personnel number of the individual responsible for safeguarding the item.
- Tennessee's Little Hatch Act prohibits the use of university resources on behalf of any party, committee, agency, or candidate for political office (Tennessee Code Annotated 2-19-206). Therefore, employees should not use university computers, printers, letterhead, e-mail and surface mail systems, facilities, or other resources to endorse specific political candidates.
- In order to maintain an accurate inventory system, corrections to the official inventory records must be made promptly to reflect items that have been surplused, traded in, stolen, destroyed, or transferred. Equipment may be disposed of and removed from university records only for the following reasons. Any circumstances other than those listed below must have the approval of the campus or institute Chief Business Officer in order for equipment to be removed.
- Trade-ins. University-owned equipment may be traded in to reduce
the cost of replacement equipment. The department head must approve the
trade-in and notify the purchasing department by listing the equipment
to be traded in on the purchase requisition. After obtaining bids, the
purchasing department should also list the equipment and its trade-in
value on the purchase order issued. The purchase order will serve as documentation of the authorized disposal of the equipment. The department should indicate the document number of the purchase order on the FORM
T-64, which should be sent to the Controller's Office as soon as possible to delete the traded-in items from the official inventory records. The cost or estimated value entered into the university's accounting system for any new equipment should be for the full cost of the new equipment and not reduced by the amount of the trade-in. The Controller's Office will ensure that the cost of the new equipment is correctly reflected on the equipment records.
- Surplus Property. University equipment that a department determines
to be obsolete, outmoded, or unusable may be declared surplus and disposed
of by the campus or institute surplus property department (or designee). A SURPLUS FORM or COMPUTER SURPLUS FORM should be completed and submitted to the campus or institute surplus property department (or designee) for all items being surplused. For more details, see FISCAL POLICY FI0610 (SURPLUS PROPERTY).
- Theft. Property losses resulting from robbery or apparent burglary should be reported immediately to the campus/institute police department. If the campus or institute has no police department, the local police department and campus/institute business office should be notified. In cases of theft, robbery, or apparent burglary, a copy of the police report should be attached to the FORMT-64. See FISCAL POLICY FI0131 (CASH SHORTAGES AND PROPERTY LOSSES)
- Disappearance. If missing equipment or other university property is listed on the university's equipment inventory system, and the department has not been able to locate the items after an exhaustive search, the department should prepare a FORM T-64 including a written explanation describing the circumstances of the disappearance. The form should be sent to the campus/institute chief business officer or designee and then forwarded to the Controller's Office. Based on the circumstances reported by the department, the CBO may require the loss to be reported to the police. (Also see FISCAL POLICY FI0135 for information on insurance coverage and FISCAL POLICY FI0130 for information on theft or losses of university assets.)
- Equipment Dismantlement. The department head may approve that
obsolete or inoperable equipment be dismantled and the parts be used to
repair or rebuild other equipment. Inoperable equipment may be used for
parts only when repair is impractical and not cost effective. Dismantlement
of government-owned or government-furnished equipment requires written
approval from the appropriate agency. Whenever equipment is dismantled,
a FORM T-64 should be sent to the the Controller's Office to remove the equipment from the official inventory records.
- Destroyed or Damaged Beyond Repair. If equipment has
been destroyed or is damaged beyond repair, a FORM
T-64 should be sent to the Controller's Office to remove the equipment from the official inventory records.
"Other" should be checked on the form and an explanation given. Before approving the form, the department head should verify that the
equipment has been damaged or destroyed.
- Removal of Equipment Purchased with Grant or Contract Funds.
Occasionally, a faculty member who has purchased equipment with grant
or contract funds will leave the university, and the provisions of the
grant or contract allow the faculty member to remove the equipment from
the university. When this occurs,the department should obtain CBO approval and a letter of acceptance from the acquiring university and send a FORM T-64 to the Controller's Office to remove the equipment from the official inventory records.
- Trade-ins. University-owned equipment may be traded in to reduce
- Transfers Between Departments
- Equipment Sold to Another Department. Occasionally, one university department may wish to sell used equipment to another department. After both departments agree on a price, the selling department should prepare an internal transfer, which must be approved by both department heads. The internal transfer should charge and credit the appropriate general ledger account number (the same account used when the equipment was purchased) and detail each item to be transferred. A FORM T-64 should be completed and sent to the Controller's Office (or business office). The Controller's Office will then transfer the equipment to the appropriate department.
- Equipment Given to Another Department. When equipment is given
to another department or account, a FORM T-64 must be completed and sent to the Controller's Office (or business office). The form should be prepared by the department transferring custody of the equipment and be approved by both the transferring and receiving departments. All transferred equipment items should retain their original university tag numbers for the official inventory records.
- Transfers Within the Same Department. Such transfers should be reflected on departmental inventory records. The department may change building and room numbers online, or with a departmental memo to the Controller's Office, or by indicating the change on the annual inventory report sent to the Controller's Office (or business office).
Rented or Leased Equipment
- In some situations, it is more economical for the university to rent or lease equipment rather than to purchase it. Under rental and lease arrangements, the payments should be classified as rental and not as equipment acquisitions. A written statement of the university's obligations and responsibilities concerning the equipment should be provided to the owner and a copy kept on file in the custodial department. Also, certain types of equipment may be acquired under lease-purchase agreements, which provide that rental payments (or portions of payments) may be applied to the purchase price. In lease-purchase arrangements, the items should be treated as equipment.If the title to leased equipment (not lease-purchases) is subsequently transferred to the university upon completion of a lease agreement, the department must send a written report to the Controller's Office (or appropriate business office) so that the equipment may be properly recorded in the inventory system and tagged.
- When equipment is loaned to the university for official use (e.g., exhibits or demonstrations), such arrangements should be approved by the campus
or institute purchasing department (or appropriate business office). A written statement of the university's obligations and responsibilities concerning
the equipment should be provided to the owner and a copy kept on file in the custodial department.Any responsibility accepted for damage to or loss of borrowed equipment must be in writing and a copy of the agreement forwarded to the Treasurer's Office so that proper insurance coverage may be provided. Borrowed equipment is not added to the university’s official equipment inventory.
Personal Equipment on University Premises
- Personal equipment on university premises, such as in offices and laboratories, should be tagged or labeled to clearly indicate personal ownership. Unless there is a written agreement to the contrary, all personal equipment on university premises is at the owner's risk. The university's insurance coverage normally does not cover personal property, and the university cannot assume responsibility for its maintenance or upkeep.
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